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Title: Gaspar Castaño de Sosa and His Expedition of 1590

Author(s): Southwest Crossroads Spotlight

A brief description of Gaspar Castaño de Sosa’s expedition of 1590; related information about the Spanish Inquisition and Luis de Carvajal.

In 1590, Gaspar Castaño de Sosa led an expedition of 170 people from Mexico into New Mexico. Born in Portugal in the middle of the 16th C., Castaño de Sosa administered mining towns in northern Mexico under the leadership of Luis de Carvajal y de l...

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Title: Construction of the Belen Cutoff

Author(s): Southwest Crossroads Spotlight; William Penner

A brief history of the construction of the Belen Cutoff and its effects.

The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (commonly known as the AT&SF) formed in Kansas in the mid-nineteenth century with plans to build a railroad to Colorado and New Mexico. The AT&SF crossed into New Mexico via Raton Pass in 1878 and built south...

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Title: Settlement and Homesteading in East-Central New Mexico

Author(s): Southwest Crossroads Spotlight; William Penner

A brief history of settlement and homesteading in east-central New Mexico.

New Mexico’s population grew during the nineteenth century. Hispano families began to settle beyond the Rio Grande Valley and establish new villages. Some communities obtained land grants from the Spanish or Mexican governments; others settled with...

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Title: Scholle: A Portrait of a Railroad Community

Author(s): Southwest Crossroads Spotlight; William Penner

A brief history of Scholle, New Mexico, a railroad community on the Belen Cutoff.

Many communities in east-central New Mexico are relatively new when compared to those in the Rio Grande Valley and other parts of the state. When the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway constructed the Belen Cutoff, it opened an area for settleme...

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