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Title: Declaration of Status

Source(s): Don Juan de Oñate, Colonizer of New Mexico, 1595-1628

Author(s): Isabel la mulata (Author); George Hammond (Editor); Agapito Rey (Editor)

Isabel, a woman of Indian and African descent, obtains proof of her freedom before traveling to New Mexico in 1600.

In the town of Querétaro in New Spain, January 8, 1600, there appeared before Don Pedro Lorenzo de Castilla, his majesty's alcalde mayor in this town, a mulatto woman named Isabel, who presented herself before his grace in the appropriate legal mann...

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Title: Last of the Lipans

Source(s): Indeh: An Apache Odyssey

Author(s): Philemon Venego (Author); Eve Ball (Author)

Philemon Venego describes the arrival of the Lipán Apaches at the Mesacalero reservation.

I remember the trip well. I was about nine or ten years old, I think, and understood that we were to see our relatives and friends and have a home on the reservation. When we got off the train, there were Apaches with wagons at the station to meet us...

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Title: White Eyes

Source(s): Indeh: An Apache Odyssey

Author(s): Philemon Venego (Author); Eve Ball (Author)

Philemon Venego describes what his people thought of whites when they first saw them.

Though I live on the Mescalero Apache Reservation, I am a Lipan. We were that branch of the Apaches who roamed, for the greater part of the time, east of the Rio Pecos and claimed all of that land to the Gulf of Mexico. Our rights were disputed by ot...

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Title: Last Living Apache Scout

Source(s): Indeh: An Apache Odyssey

Author(s): Big Mouth (Author); Eve Ball (Author)

Big Mouth describes the defeat and imprisonment of his people at Fort Sumner.

I am Big Mouth, last living scout of the Apache wars. I served in the campaigns against Victorio and Geronimo. I do not know my exact age, but I was six or seven years old when my people, the Mescalero Apaches, were forced into captivity at Fort Sumn...

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Title: La Yarda de la Escuelita

Source(s): Voces: An Anthology of Nuevo Mexicano Writers

Author(s): José Montoya (Author); Rudolfo A. Anaya (Editor)

A poem about a child’s schoolyard, in Spanish only.

La escuelita al pie del monte Es chica, así es que Los niños vienen en varios tamaños, Unos pequeños y ya en el libro ocho Otros altos, galgos Y apenas en el tercero. Alrededor de la maestra. Acurrucados de miedo—como pollitos— Se a...

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Title: Reies López Tijerina and the Tierra Amarilla Courthouse Raid

Author(s): Southwest Crossroads Spotlight

A description of conflicts over land ownership in northern New Mexico. In the 1960s, Reies Lopez Tijerina organized the descendants of the original land grantees in a series of protests and demonstrations to recover their lands.

When the Spaniards claimed northern New Mexico as Spanish land in the 1600s, settlers from Spain and present-day Mexico formed ranching and farming communities on land long occupied by Native Americans. The Spanish authorities awarded land grants to ...

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Title: February 7

Source(s): They Called Me “King Tiger”: My Struggle for the Land and Our Rights

Author(s): Reies López Tijerina (Author); José Gutiérrez (Translator)

In the 1960s, Reies López Tijerina organized the northern New Mexico descendants of original land grantees to recover their rights to the land.

February 7 Hoping to finalize the resolution, I made my seventh trip to Santa Fe today. I brought warriors from throughout the state: Tierra Amarilla, Canjilon, Coyote, Española, Taos, Las Vegas, Tecolote, Chilili, Santa Rosa, Bernalillo, Cuba de...

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Title: The Taking of San Joaquin, October 1966

Source(s): They Called Me “King Tiger”: My Struggle for the Land and Our Rights

Author(s): Reies López Tijerina (Author); José Gutiérrez (Translator)

In the 1960s, Reies Lopez Tijerina organized northern New Mexico villagers as descendants of original land grantees in a series of protests and demonstrations to recover their rights to the land.

That the government would question the right of the people to their land was a cruel and unjust violation of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. I now sought to open a new door to the halls of justice. When Ed Stanton fought for the grant in Socorro, he...

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Title: Recién Casados (Newlyweds)

Source(s): Saludos! Poems of New Mexico/Poemas de Nuevo Mexico

Author(s): Jane Candia Coleman (Author); Consuelo Luz (Translator); Jeanie C. Williams (Editor)

A bilingual poem about newlyweds settling in Catron Country.

They say when Archie was married he brought his bride to this rough hill and pitched a tent. He gave her dishes, pots and pans to use on the open fire, a pedal sewing machine. Then he went off, riding fence. And she, who from her canvas ...

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Title: Crossing the Border

Author(s): Southwest Crossroads Spotlight

A short history of border crossings between the United States and Mexico.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo defined the border between the United States and Mexico in 1848. Before that year, the region now called the American Southwest was part of Mexico. After the Mexican Revolution began in 1910, thousands of Mexicans m...

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Results Found: 10