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Title: Who Is Chakwaina?

Author(s): Southwest Crossroads Spotlight

Origins of the Chakwaina katsina.

In 1529, Spanish explorer Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Baca and three companions survived a shipwreck at the mouth of what is now known as the Mississippi River. Esteban, a black Moorish slave, was among the survivors. For seven years, the four Spaniards w...

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Title: Muster Roll

Source(s): Majestic Journey: Coronado’s Inland Empire

Author(s): Stewart L. Udall (Author)

Before Coronado’s expedition into New Mexico, a muster roll was taken describing each traveler in detail.

We know a lot about events that day at Compostela— exactly 192 years before George Washington was born in 1732—because Don Antonio had issued an order that each soldier would pass before an inspector and declare his possessions. Thus, diligent sc...

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Title: Gaspar Villagrá and the Story of His Epic Adventure in the Upper Rio Grande

Source(s): Trail Dust

Author(s): Marc Simmons (Author); Gaspar Pérez de Villagrá (Author)

Historian Marc Simmons sketches the life of Gaspar Pérez de Villagrá, poet-historian of the Spanish conquest.

Captain Gaspar Pérez de Villagrá published an epic poem in 1610. Written in classical style, it was fashioned in imitation of the Aeneid by the Roman poet Virgil. The poem bore the rather colorless name, Historia de la Nueva Mexico. Villagrá is...

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Title: The Moqui Nation

Source(s): Fray Alonso de Benavides’ Revised Memorial of 1634

Author(s): Fray Alonso de Benavides (Author); George P. Hammond (Editor); Agapito Rey (Editor)

An account of how Fray Francisco de Porras arrived at Hopi and established the mission of San Bernardo.

Traveling another thirty leagues in the same westward direction, one reaches the province and nation of Moqui [Hopi], which is of the same character as the above- mentioned Zuni, both in products and climate; it has also ten thousand souls. They diff...

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Title: Tierra Amarilla

Author(s): Southwest Crossroads Spotlight

A brief history of Tierra Amarilla.

The village of Tierra Amarilla lies in the Chama River Valley. Groups of hunters and gatherers lived in this valley as far back as about 5,000 years ago. Archaeologists know about at least ten significant pueblo sites along the Chama River, between p...

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Title: Crypto-Jews and the Spanish Inquisition in the New World

Author(s): Southwest Crossroads Spotlight

A brief description of Jews in the Spanish world

In 1481, the Catholic Monarchs, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, established the Holy Office of the Inquisition. The Inquisition was established to create a total Catholic state; that is, all persons living in Spain were required to be Ca...

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Title: Antonio Espejo and His Expedition of 1582-1583

Author(s): Southwest Crossroads Spotlight

A brief description of the Antonio de Espejo Expedition of 1582-1583.

Antonio de Espejo (?-1585) was an adventurous Spaniard who went to New Spain in the 1570s to seek his fortune. He acquired lands and ran cattle on his ranches (estancias) in the northern frontier of Chihuahua. Espejo and his brother, Pedro Muñoz de...

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Results Found: 7