FootpathTeacher InformationCitations

“Invasions—Then and Now”

Footpath by Southwest Crossroads

Fray Marcos de Niza’s Expedition of 1539 was one of several expeditions the Spaniards made into the American Southwest during the 1500s. Esteban the Moor accompanied de Niza’s expedition towards the Seven Cities of Cibola.

We learn about past events from 1) oral stories, passed down from person to person; 2) primary sources, historical documents such as journals and letters; and 3) secondary sources, such as textbooks, maps, and literature.

This lesson features a primary source document (“The Journey of Fray Marcos de Niza’s Expedition”) and two secondary source documents (“Entrada Map” and “Invasions”, a poem by Jimmy Santiago Baca).




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